JAPANESE: A LINGUISTIC INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 Exercises

Exercise 1.1

Answer true or false.

  1. SOV languages are predominantly postpositional.
  2. When an auxiliary element is attached to a main verb in Japanese, it always precedes the main verb.
  3. In Japanese, the word order in questions involving an interrogative word does not differ from declarative-sentence counterparts.
  4. Modifying expressions in Japanese sometimes follow their modified noun.
  5. In Japanese NPs, the common noun tend to precede the proper noun.
  6. Japanese has a three-person and two-number pronominal system.
  7. Japanese people are, ethnologically, an amalgamation of the populations of southeast and northeast Asia.
  8. The modern Japanese consonant /h/ was /p/ in Old Japanese, which changed to /f/ [ɸ], and eventually to /h/.
  9. In Old Japanese, voiced stops were prenasalized.
  10. Old Japanese had fewer vowels than does Modern Japanese.
  11. In Old Japanese, the main-clause subject was not explicitly marked by a case particle.
  12. Kana syllabaries were invented during the Late Old Japanese period.
  13. In Middle Japanese, many Old Japanese characteristics disappeared, and some characteristics of Modern Japanese emerged.
  14. During the Edo Period, traits from eastern and western dialects were assimilated and amalgamated.
  15. Case particles were not developed until Modern Japanese.

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