JAPANESE: A LINGUISTIC INTRODUCTION

Chapter 5: Vocabulary

Exercise 5.1

Give five triplets of synonymous words other than those listed in Hasegawa Ch. 5 (2).

native Japanese Sino-Japanese Western English gloss
宿屋 旅館 ホテル hotel, inn
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Exercise 5.2

Give five examples of each Japanese lexical category.

  1. Noun
  2. Verbal Noun
  3. Na-Adjective
  4. I-Adjective
  5. Verb
  6. Adverb
  7. Particle

Exercise 5.3

Exercise 5.4

Explain what each Japanese expression depicts.

  1. とぼとぼ歩く
  2. よろよろ歩く
  3. さっさと歩く
  4. はきはき答える
  5. ぼそぼそ答える
  6. うじうじ答える
  7. がつがつ食べる
  8. ちょこちょこ食べる
  9. ぱくぱく食べる

Exercise 5.5

Using ideophones, give Japanese equivalents of the following English verbs.

  1. glimpse
  2. gaze
  3. gape
  4. peep

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